Movies of swimming motility

Escherichia coli

Rhodobacter sphaeroides


Movies of swarming motility

Escherichia coli swarm

Salmonella typhmurium swarm

Serratia marcescens swarm

Movies of gliding motility


Mycoplasma mobile

Flavobacterium johnsoniae

Movies of Twitching motility

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Other movies

Tethered bacteria

Escherichia coli patterns

Carpets and microchannels

Miscellaneous movies

Marvels of Bacterial Behavior - History & Physics of Bacterial Motion

Rowland Institute         Harvard University

Swimming Synechococcus

This organism swims without flagella at speeds up to 25 µm/s -- see project Swimming without flagella. When cells hit a glass wall, they pinwheel, rather like a tethered cell. The first movie shows swimming. The second movie (at higher magnification) shows pinwheeling.


Synechococcus swimming

Synechococcus spinning


Waterbury, J.B. et al. A cyanobacterium capable of swimming motility. Science 230, 74-76 (1985).