- Rachel Spicer and Andrew Groover. (2010) Evolution of development of vascular cambia and secondary growth. New Phytologist 186:3, 577-592
- Spicer, R. and N.M. Holbrook. (2007) Parenchyma cell
respiration and survival in secondary xylem: Does metabolic activity
decline with cell age? Plant, Cell & Environment 30 (8), 934-943.
- Spicer, R. and N.M. Holbrook. (2007) Effects of carbon
dioxide and oxygen on sapwood respiration in five temperate tree species.
Journal of Experimental Botany.
- Spicer, R. 2005. Senescence in secondary xylem: heartwood formation as
an active developmental program. In: Vascular Transport in Plants, (
eds. N.M. Holbrook and M. Zwieniecki) pp. 457-475. Elsevier/Academic
- Spicer, R. and N.M. Holbrook. 2005. Within-stem oxygen concentration and
sap flow in four temperate tree species: does long-lived xylem parenchyma
experience hypoxia? Plant, Cell & Environment, 28:192-201.
- Olszyk, D., M. Apple, B.L. Gartner, R. Spicer, C. Wise, E. Buckner, A. Benson-Scott,
and D.Tingey 2005. Xeromorphy increases in shoots of Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.)
Franco seedlings with exposure to elevated temperature but not elevated CO2.
Trees: Structure and Function, 19:552-563.
- Spicer, R. and B.L. Gartner. 2002. Compression wood has a minimal impact on the water
relations of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) seedlings despite a large
effect on shoot hydraulic properties. New Phytologist, 154:633-640.
- Spicer, R. and B.L. Gartner. 2001. The effects of cambial age and position within the stem
on specific conductivity in Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) sapwood.
Trees: Structure and Function, 15:222-229.
- Gartner, B.L., D.C. Baker and R. Spicer. 2000. Distribution and vitality of xylem rays in
relation to tree leaf area in Douglas-fir. IAWA Bulletin, 21:398-401.
- Spicer, R., B.L. Gartner and R.L. Darbyshire. 2000. Sinuous stem growth in a Douglas-fir
(Pseudotsuga menziesii) plantation: growth patterns and wood quality effects.
Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 30:761-768.
- Spicer, R. and B.L. Gartner. 1998. Hydraulic properties of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga
menziesii) branches and branch halves with reference to compression wood. Tree
- Spicer, R. and B.L. Gartner. 1998. How does a gymnosperm branch assume the hydraulic status
of a main stem when it takes over as leader? Plant, Cell & Environment,